June 2013 Global Temperature Anomalies
Headline: The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces
was as the fifth highest on record (The global data set has 134 years of data (1880-2013)
Global temperature highlights: June 2013
- The combined average temperature over global land and ocean surfaces tied with 2006 as the fifth highest on record for June at 61.05°F (16.14°C), or 1.15°F (0.64°C), above the 20th century average of 59.9°F (15.5°C). The margin of error associated with this temperature is +/- 0.14°F (0.08°C).
- The June global land temperature was the third highest on record, at 1.89°F (1.05°C) above the 20th century average of 55.9°F (13.3°C). The margin of error is +/- 0.25°F (0.14°C).
- Some national temperature highlights include:
- June was warmer than average across all of Japan, with temperatures ranging from 0.5°F to 2.5°F (0.3°C to 1.4°C) above the 1981-2010 average. According to the Japan Meteorological Agency, Hokuriku and the southern island of Okinawa had temperatures that were significantly above average.
- Much of Croatia was warmer than the 1961-1990 average. Scattered areas in the northwestern part of the country were "very warm" (falling in the 91st-98th percentile), according to Drzavni Hirometeoroloski Zavod.
- The United Kingdom temperature was 0.4°F (0.2°C) below the long-term average for June; however, it was also the warmest June since 2010. In England, East Anglia observed its coolest June since 1995.
- Spain observed its coolest June since 1997, with the average monthly temperature 0.5°F (0.3°C) below the 1971-2000 average. The north-central region of the country had temperatures up to 4°F (2°C) below average.
- For the ocean, the June global sea surface temperature was 0.86°F (0.48°C) above the 20th century average of 61.5°F (16.4°C), the 10th warmest for June on record. The margin of error is +/- 0.07°F (0.04°C).
- Continuing a pattern that has persisted for more than a year, neither El Niño nor La Niña conditions were present across the central and eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean during June, with sea surface temperatures below average across the eastern half of the equatorial Pacific. According to NOAA's Climate Prediction Center, neutral conditions are favored over the next few months.